• Over 99% of the domestic hardwood forests managed by TFG rely on natural regeneration (e.g. seeds, sprouts), not planting. Natural regeneration is, by its very nature, a lighter silvicultural practice and an example of sustainable forest management.
  • Natural hardwood forest management is typically more extensive and less intensive than plantation management.
  • Longer rotation lengths, older trees.
  • Partial harvests of forest stands are very common.
  • Different hardwood species exhibit a spectrum of resource tolerances, for example, to limited sunlight, moisture, or nutrient availability. This results in more stratification (layering of tree leaves/crowns) and resource partitioning than in single-species stands.
  • Knowledge of different species’ growth and developmental dynamics in mixtures, and economic values, are of paramount importance for manipulating these complex ecosystems.
  • Silvicultural practices include both intermediate treatments, aimed at improving the existing stand, and regeneration treatments, which establish new cohorts in a stand.
  • TFG’s management emphasizes the growth and development of individual trees of high-growth potential and of high commercial value species over commercially less desirable species.